University of Bahrain, Bahrain
Title: Type A and B Personalities from Psychological Perspective among Medical Students
Abdulrahman Al Fulaij obtained Post-Doctorate in Teaching of Psychology from University of Maryland, College Park, Maryland USA in 1994; PhD in Clinical and
Counseling Psychology from University of Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, USA in 1992; MA in Experimental Social Psychology from Washington University in St. Louis,
Missouri, USA in the year 1886; BA in Public Administration, Texas Tech University, Lubbock, Texas, USA in 1979; and Diploma in Public Relations from American
University of Beirut, Beirut, Lebanon in 1975. He is working as Consultant Psychologist in Royal Charity Organization from 2006 till date. He has many publications
to his credit, some of which include: 1. Juvenile delinquency and crime: Family conditions and sociomoral development in children, Journal of Bahrain Medical
Society (2008); 2. Manual of child psychology (Arabic) (2006); 3. Attention defi cit hyperactivity and sugar consumption in children, Journal of Bahrain Medical
Society (2001); 4. Type-A personalities and heart attacks, Journal of Clinical and Social Psychology (1996).
Introduction: Research in the last two decades has shown that people with type A personality are astronomically competitive, selfcritical
of performances, endeavor for perfectionism in their vocations and strive toward goals in their lives without feeling a sense of
bliss. Type A individuals will eventually suff er from cardiovascular diseases and heart attacks at an earlier age compared with those
with type B personality who are more inclined to be genial, relaxed, and internally fi xated on their feelings and emotions. Th e main
objective of our study was to ascertain the prevalence of type A & B personalities among fi rst-year students who opt to study medicine.
Methods: 77 fi rst year medical students registered in the Arabian Gulf University, Bahrain during the academic year 2013-2014 were
randomly selected to be involved in the study. Students completed a pre-designed questionnaire that included measures for type A
and type B behaviors by using the Jenkins Activity Survey (JAS).
Results: Th e number of female and male students was 49 (963.6%) and 28 (36.4%) respectively. Th eir ages ranged between 17 and
20 years with mean of 17.8 years. Six diff erent Arab nationalities were represented. Th e study found that the students with type A
personality exceeded those with B [59 (76.6%) vs. 18 (23.4%)]. No signifi cant relationship was found between personality type and
other demographic characteristics except for a mild signifi cant relationship (P<0.053) with sex with more females having type A than
Conclusion: Th e majority of the medical students are of type A personality betokening that such future careers, such as medicine,
require extensive commitment and are opted conventionally by students who have type A personality. It was also found that more
females have type A than B personality characteristics, a fi nding that is contrary to the prevalent understanding of the Arab-Islamic
society in the context that Arab women are oppressed and less decisive about their future.